Social Movements

After an introduction into the theory and history of social movements, we are going to look at social movements in India and their impact on Indian state and society. In ten parts, the course is covering religious and caste movements, regional, linguistic and tribal movements, peasant and labour movements, ecological and environmental movements, trans-national and anti-globalisation movements. The course will contain a four weeks module on the LGBTQ and women’s movements taught by another faculty. Students are to read and prepare one article of about 20 pages per session (sometimes more), and submit a précis of around 350 words before the beginning of each session. In their term paper they have to show evidence of a close engagement with at least one of the books cited under further readings.

  1. August, 32nd week (Michael) Social Movement Theory I
  2. Introduction (Focus group on “power”); how to write a précis (Tilly)
  3. Tilly (1988) From Mobilisation to Revolution (1-11)
  4. August, 33rd week (Michael) Social Movement Theory II
  5. Fuchs & Linkenbach (2003) Social Movement (1524-1652)
  6. Oommen (2015) On the Craft of studying Social Movements (76-81)

III. August, 34th week (Michael) National Movements

  1. Tilly (1996) The State of Nationalism (299-306)
  2. Guha (1997) Hegemony and Elite Control in Nationalist Campaigns (100-151)

(recommended further readings: Tilly 1975; Dusche 2010a)

  1. August, 35th week (Michael) Peasant Movements
  2. Guha (1983) Elementary Aspects of Peasant Insurgency in Colonial India (1-18)
  3. Mukherji (2010) The Naxalbari Peasant Movement*

(recommended further readings: Chandra 1990)

  1. September, 36th week (Michael) Religious Movements
  2. Jaffrelot (2010) Ethno-Religious Mobilization and the Politics of Secularism*
  3. Mayaram (2004) Hindu and Islamic Transnational Religious Movements (80-88)

(recommended further readings: Dusche 2010b)

  1. September, 37th week (Michael) Caste Movements
  2. Fernandes (2010) Caste and Conversion Movements*
  3. Kumar (2010) Different Shades of Dalit Mobilization*

(recommended further readings: Omvelt 2001, 2005; Sarukkai/Guru 2012)

VII. September, 38th week (Michael) Tribal Movements

  1. Baruah (2010) The Assam Movement*

September, 39th week (Mid-term exams)

VIII. September, 40th week (Michael) Labour Movements

  1. Pandey (2010) The Indian Labour Movement: Growth and Character*
  2. Bhattacharjee (2010) Changing Industrial Relations: India, 1950-2000*

(recommended further readings: Ray & Katzenstein 2005)

  1. October, 41st week (Michael) Environmental Movements
  2. Shiva (2010) Ecology Movements in India*
  3. Oommen (2010) Protest against Displacement by Development Projects*

(recommended further readings: Goldsmith et al. 1995)

  1. October, 42nd week (Michael) Anti-Globalisation Movements
  2. Levien (2007) Polànyi and the National Alliance of People’s Movements (119-148)
  3. Dubhashi (2010) People’s Movement against Global Capitalism*

(recommended further readings: Evans 2000, 2007)

  1. October, 43rd week (Anindita) LGBT and Gender Movements
  2. Castells (1983) Cultural Identity, Sexual Liberation and Urban Structure I
  3. Castells (1983) Cultural Identity, Sexual Liberation and Urban Structure II

XII. October, 44th week (Anindita) LGBT and Gender Movements

  1. Cohen (2005) The Kothi Wars: AIDS Cosmopolitanism and the Morality of Classification I
  2. Cohen (2005) The Kothi Wars: AIDS Cosmopolitanism and the Morality of Classification II

XIII. November, 45th week (Anindita) LGBT and Gender Movements

  1. Dave (2012) Queer Activism in India: A Story in the Anthropology of Ethics I
  2. Dave (2012) Queer Activism in India: A Story in the Anthropology of Ethics I

XIV. November, 46th week (Anindita) LGBT and Gender Movements

  1. NN
  2. NN
  3. November, 47th week (Michael) Beyond Social Movements’ Theory
  4. Tarrow (1994) Social Movements and Contentious Politics (1-16)
  5. McAdam & Scott (2005) Organizations and Movements (4-40)

(recommended further readings: Tilly et al. 2004)

Prescribed Readings:

Buechler, Steven M. 2000. “New Social Movements Theories.” The Sociological Quarterly 26(3): 441-464.

Castells, Manuel. 1983. “Cultural Identity, Sexual Liberation and Urban Structure: The Gay Community in San Francisco.” In The City and the Grassroots: A Cross-Cultural Theory of Urban Social Movements. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Cohen, Lawrence. 2005. “The Kothi Wars: AIDS Cosmopolitanism and the Morality of Classification.” In Sex in Development: Science, Sexuality and Morality in Global Perspective edited by Vincanne Adams and Stacy L. Piggs. Durham, NC: Duke University Press

McAdam, Dough and W. Richard Scott. 2005. “Organizations and Movements” in Social Movements and Organization Theory edited by Gerald F. Davis et al, 4-40. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dave, Naisargi. 2012. Queer Activism in India: A Story in the Anthropology of Ethics. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Dubhashi, P. R. 2002. “People’s Movement against Global Capitalism.” Economic and Political Weekly 37(6): 537-542.

Dusche, Michael. 2010a. Origins of Ethnic Nationalism in Germany and Repercussions in India. Economic and Political Weekly Vol. 45, No. 22, pp. 37-46

Fuchs, Martin and Antje Linkenbach (2003). “Social Movements.” In Oxford India Companion to Sociology and Social Anthropology edited by Veena Das, 1524-1663. Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Guha, Ranajit. 1983. Elementary Aspects of Peasant Insurgency in Colonial India. Durham: Duke University Press (1999).

Guha, Ranajit. 1997. “Discipline and Mobilize: Hegemony and Elite Control in Nationalist Campaigns” in Dominance without Hegemony. History and Power in Colonial India, 100-151. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Joas, Hans. 1990. “The Creativity of Action and the Intersubjectivity of Reason: Mead’s Pragmatism and Social Theory.” Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 26(2): 165-194.

Levien, Michael. 2007. “India’s Double-Movement: Polanyi and the National Alliance of People’s Movements.” Berkeley Journal of Sociology 51: 119-149.

Mayaram, Shail. 2004. “Hindu and Islamic Transnational Religious Movements.” Economic and Political Weekly 37(6): 80-88.

Morris, Aldon. 2000. “Reflections on Social Movement Theory: Criticisms and Proposals.” Contemporary Sociology 29(3): 445-454

Oommen, T. K. 2010. Social Movements (two volumes). Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Oommen, T. K. 2015. “On the Craft of Studying Social Movements.” In Knowledge and Society. Situating Sociology and Social Anthropology, 75-82. Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Tarrow, Sidney G. 1994. Power in Movement: Social Movements and Contentious Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (revised edition 2011).

Tilly, Charles. 1988. From Mobilization to Revolution. New York: Random House.

Further Readings:

Chandra, Amitabha. 1990. “The Naxalbari Movement.” The Indian Journal of Political Science 51(1): 22-45.

Dusche, Michael. 2013. Friedrich Schlegel’s Writings on India: Re-Imagining Germany as Europe’s True Oriental Self. In: James Hodkinson et al. (eds.) Deploying Orientalism in Culture and History: From Germany to Central and Eastern Europe (Rochester, NY: Camden), pp. 31-54

‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑ 2010b. Identity Politics in India and Europe. New Delhi: Sage.

Evans, Peter. 2000. “Fighting Marginalization with Transnational Networks: Counter-Hegemonic Globalization.” Contemporary Sociology 29(1): 230-241.

Evans, Peter. 2007. “Counterhegemonic Globalization: Transnational Social Movements in the Contemporary Political Economy.” In Globalization Theory: Approaches and Controversies edited by David Held and Anthony McGrew. Cambridge, MA: Polity.

Giugni, Marco, Doug McAdam and Charles Tilly (eds.). 1999. How Social Movements Matter. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.

Goldsmith Edward, Martin Khor, Helena Norberg-Hodge and Vandana Shiva. 1995. The Future of Progress: Reflections on Environment and Development. Foxhole: Green Books.

McMichael, Philip. 1996. Development and Social Change: A Global Perspective. Thousand Oaks: Pine Forge.

John, Mary E. 2009. “Reframing Globalisation: Perspectives from the Women’s Movement.” Economic and Political Weekly 44(10): 46-49

Kapoor, Dip. 2013. “Trans-Local Rural Solidarity and an Anticolonial Politics of Place: Contesting Colonial Capital and the Neoliberal State in India.” Interface: A Journal For and About Social Movements 5(1): 14-39.

Mertes, Tom. 2004. A Movement of Movements: Is Another World Really Possible? London: Verso.

Olson, Mancur. 1965. The Logic of Collective Action. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Omvedt, Gail. 1993. Reinventing Revolution: New Social Movements and the Socialist Tradition in India. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe.

Omvedt, Gail. 2001. “Ambedkar and After: The Dalit Movement in India.” In Ghanshyam Shah, ed. Dalit Identity and Politics: Cultural Subordination and the Dalit Challenge Vol. 2. New Delhi: Sage Publications.

Omvedt, Gail. 2005. “Farmers Movements and the Debate on Poverty and Economic Reform in India.” In Raka Ray and Mary Fainsod Katzenstein, eds. Social Movements in India: Poverty, Power, and Politics. Oxford: Rowman and Littlefield.

Ray, Raka and Mary F. Katzenstein, eds. 2005. Social Movements in India: Poverty, Power, and Politics. Oxford: Rowman and Littlefield.

Sarukkai, Sundar & Gopal Guru. 2012. The Cracked Mirror:  An Indian Debate on Experience and Theory. Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Shah, Ghanshyam. 2004. Social Movements in India: A Review of Literature. New Delhi: Sage.

Tilly, Charles (ed.). 1975. The Formation of National States in Western Europe. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑ 1996. “The State of Nationalism”. Critical Review 10(2): 299-306.

‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑ 2003. The Politics of Collective Violence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑ et al. 2004. Contention and Democracy in Europe 1650-2000. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑‑ 2004. Social Movements 1768-2004. Boulder, CO: Paradigm.

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* In Oommen 2010.